בחירת הזמן הנכון חשובה מאוד לתקשורת רהוטה באנגלית. הקווים המנחים הבאים יכולים לסייע למשתמש באנגלית עסקית להימנע מאי-הבנות מביכות.
Tips for verb tense usage:
- Use the present tenses when:
- stating present conditions or objectives
- explaining test results
- discussing data
- stating conclusions
- describing procedures
- Our sales are falling and we are trying to decrease overheads.
- The results show no significant increase in consumption since ‘97.
- New figures indicate that interest in our product is growing.
- Old working practices are slowing down production.
- Sales people report directly to their regional managers.
- Use the simple past tenses when:
- giving background information
- explaining what procedures were followed
- explaining why something went wrong
- stating past objectives or conditions
- reporting on activities that took place in the past
- Our competitors launched a new product last June.
- The personnel department began interviewing candidates five months ago.
- Nobody in our regional office knew what to do about the problem.
- Our previous philosophy was to provide share-holder value.
- In 2009 our market share rose by 12% but overall profits fell.
Hint: Use the past tenses when using words or expressions that express time or date, such as:
- some months ago
- at that time
- ‘then’ (when it means ‘at that time’)
- in 1999
- last week (year, month, time, etc)
- Use the future tenses when:
- making predictions about future events
- stating something that will have to be done in the future
- talking about things that will be completed in the future
- We predict that sales will increase throughout Q3.
- We will need to upgrade the computer system sometime this year.
- By 2005, we will have five new offices in Europe.
- Use the perfect tenses when:
- making official announcements
- stating decisions
- expressing something with current relevance
- The new employees have been offered generous stock-option plans.
- The chairman has decided to resign rather than face scandal.
- Salaries have decreased by 1.5% in real terms since 2001.
Hint: Use the perfect tenses with words and phrases such as:
- so far
- never, ever
- up to now
לחצו לפרטים נוספים: הכשרה בדקדוק יישומי לדיבור וכתיבה